2018 Platform of the 32nd District Democrats

  1. 2018 Platform of the 32nd District Democrats - ADOPTED 3/24/18 * FLAGGED BULLETED ITEMS ARE NOT ADOPTED - FLAGGED  FOR DISCUSSION ON APRIL 11, 2018







24 – 42



43 – 105


Civil Rights and Human Rights

107 – 175   


Corporate Power

177 – 207


Economic Justice, Jobs and Tax Fairness

209 – 280



282 – 327


Environmental Justice, Climate Change and Energy

329 – 412


Foreign Policy

414 – 458


Government and Political Reform

460 – 507


Gun Safety and Reform

509 – 534


Health Care

536 – 575 


Housing Justice

577 – 616


Human Services

618 – 655   



657 – 691



693 – 756


Law and the Justice System

758 – 812


Media Reform

814 – 850



852 – 886



888 – 922


Tribal Relations and Sovereignty

924 – 971

  1. Preamble
  2. “Without equality there can be no democracy.” - Eleanor Roosevelt
  3. In the current era of political upheaval and intensifying ideological animosities, what sharply
  4. distinguishes us is that we proclaim our unshakable loyalty and dedication to creating the best
  5. government we can achieve in the service of all, not just the few.
  6. “The legitimate object of government is to do for a community of people whatever they need to
  7. have done but cannot do at all, or cannot do as well, for themselves.” - Abraham Lincoln
  8. A just society is based on the principles of equality and solidarity, values human rights, and
  9. recognizes the dignity of every human being.
  10. We reaffirm our determination to pursue equal opportunity for all in every realm of life, and to
  11. expand our dreams of excellence with each step forward, aiming ever higher toward that grand
  12. goal set out in the Preamble to our Constitution: “to form a more perfect Union.”
  13. To that end, we offer this Platform.

43.        Agriculture

  1. Food is essential to human survival, and forest products for survival in reasonable comfort;
  2. accordingly, agriculture must remain of vital importance in Washington, and Washington in our
  3. nation’s agricultural production.

48.        We support:

  1. Programs that ensure the availability of high-quality and organic food, strengthen rural
  2. communities, preserve family farms and maintain the viability of the land and soil into the
  3. Equitable distribution of water rights that respects senior appropriator water rights and
  4. Quantifying our surface and ground water resources and characterizing their hydraulic
  5. Expansion of SNAP benefits to increase purchasing power and access to fresh fruits and
  6. Local food and beverage producers, and that government should develop
  7. strategies for promoting local products.
  8. Requiring all food to be labeled to disclose whether or not it includes genetically modified
  9. organisms (GMOs).
  10. Explicit food labeling, including date harvested or packaged, nation of origin, irradiation,
  11. and organic certification.
  12. Increased funding for and inspection of domestic and imported foods and livestock to
  13. ensure safe food.
  14. Measures that promote and sustain family farms.
  15. Measures that sustain farming when calamities occur and that ensure farmers and farm
  16. workers receive a fair return on their efforts, safety in doing that work, and are able to
  17. produce food that is safe to eat.
  18. Bringing sustainable farming to our urban communities, including community and
  19. backyard gardens and local farmers’ markets.
  20. Encouraging the use of locally grown food in school meal programs through local
  21. farmers’ markets.
  22. Policies consistent with the Washington State Growth Management Act that preserve
  23. agricultural land and natural resources critical to the viability of food, fuel, and forest
  24. production into the future.
  25. Protecting waterways and habitat by reducing the use of herbicides, pesticides, and other
  26. hazardous materials.
  27. Decisions about water resources based on sound, credible scientific and economic
  28. information, including local concerns.
  29. Ensuring that farm subsidy programs benefit family and organic farms.
  30. Incentives to encourage the agricultural skills, careers, and lifestyles that are essential to
  31. our country’s survival.
  32. Protection of productive farmland and wetlands from residential, industrial, and other
  33. types of development.
  34. Farming and forest management practices that encourage in soil conservation and soil
  35. carbon sequestration.
  36. Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOS) to mitigate ground and surface water
  37. and drinking water pollution caused by contaminants emanating from manure lagoons and
  38. spray fields as well as strict monitoring of water quality and enforcement of compliance

93.         We oppose:

  1. Experimenting with genetically modified organisms (GMOs) by field-testing.
  2. Intentional infringement of existing senior appropriator certified water rights.
  3. Cutting of funding to agricultural programs that support closely held family farms.
  4. Toxic chemical sprays and the devastating effects on public health and safety.
  5. Reduction of SNAP benefits and forcing families into a one-size-fits-all option that removes
  6. consumer choice.
  7. Subsidies for large conglomerates – such as Monsanto – which chokes out small farms and
  8. devastates local economies.
  9. The exclusion of agriculture workers from overtime pay and minimum wage laws.
  10. Intentional infringement of existing senior appropriator certified water rights.
  11. “Ag Gag” laws that criminalize the exposure of inhumane and unhealthy animal production
  12. practices, such as Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs).

107.     Civil Rights and Human Rights

  1. We must remain at the forefront of the struggle to extend social, political, economic and legal
  2. rights to all persons, and we oppose policies that would tend to reverse or impede those gains in
  3. human dignity. Food security, housing, medical care, education, and equal employment are basic
  4. human rights.

113.     We support:

  1. The right of all women to have autonomy over their own bodies, to be free of government,
  2. corporate, or religious interference in their reproductive decisions, including birth control
  3. and abortion, and to have safe, legal, protected, affordable and accessible health care that
  4. enables them to make those choices according to their own wishes.
  5. Privacy as a basic human right that the government and the private sector at all levels
  6. must acknowledge in their rules and regulations.
  7. The right of every adult to marry another person without regard to gender, and to enjoy the
  8. same civil and legal rights accorded to all married persons.
  9. Our Constitutionally guaranteed religious freedom that prevents the government from
  10. imposing or suppressing religious beliefs, or favoring or funding any set of beliefs.
  11. Anti-discrimination laws that sustain human dignity in all aspects of life.
  12. Full employment at a livable wage.
  13. Providing universal access to safe and affordable housing.
  14. Freedom from hunger.
  15. Restorative justice to provide a more constructive, humane, and less punitive correctional
  16. Equal pay for equal work.
  17. Upholding and defending every U.S. working person’s right to organize, negotiate
  18. collectively, protest, and strike.
  19. Enacting an immigration policy based on human, civil, and labor rights, acknowledging that
  20. the U.S. imposed trade agreements compel migration into this country.
  21. Universal health care for all, ensuring no one is excluded.
  22. Enriching and equitable education system.
  23. Ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment.
  24. Strict separation of church and state.
  25. Adding enforcement provisions to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended
  26. An immediate end to human trafficking for the sex trade, and all other forms of involuntary
  27. Strong legislation, treatment programs and education designed to reduce harassment,
  28. intimidation, domestic or sexual violence, gun violence, and bullying.
  29. Honoring the rich diversity of society, and efforts to reflect that diversity in our Party,
  30. including special consideration for the rights of such currently and historically marginalized
  31. communities as people with disabilities, immigrants, peoples of color, indigenous peoples,
  32. poor people, LGBTQ+ people, and religious minorities and atheists. People subjected
  33. to discrimination must be afforded the legal means and economic opportunities to overcome
  34. such injustices.
  35. Policies and actions that will strengthen our country by affirming the value of all
  36. individuals, and by eliminating systemic conditions that perpetuate inequality, oppression,
  37. and lack of equitable access to opportunities.
  38. Defending our constitutionally guaranteed rights to free speech and free association,
  39. peaceable assembly, and protest, which supersede all state and local jurisdiction
  40. Legislation defining “Conversion Therapy” to alter sexual orientation as a destructive and
  41. damaging act of fraud.

158.     We oppose:

  1. Every law, regulation, or practice that tends to diminish, by intent or effect, the
  2. Constitutional rights of citizens.
  3. Discrimination in voting, employment, housing, public accommodations, healthcare,
  4. military service and veterans’ status, insurance, licensing, or education based on race,
  5. ethnicity, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, size,
  6. socioeconomic status, political affiliation, and national origin or immigration status.
  7. Any “bathroom bill” that attacks the rights of Trans-Queer-Gender non-binary peoples.
  8. Any claim of religious liberty to justify or protect discriminatory practices.
  9. Discrimination against LGBTQ+ people on parenting rights or opportunities.
  10. Warrantless wiretapping and searches that violate the 4th Amendment of the U.S.
  11. Constitution or Article 1, Section 7 of the Washington State Constitution.
  12. Arbitrary limits, such as “Free Speech Zones”, which inhibit the right to disrupt business as
  13. usual to express grievances and demand redress from our government.
  14. Extreme and unconstitutional provisions of the PATRIOT Act which allow the government
  15. and corporate surveillance of individuals, activist groups, and media.
  16. Denial of women’s health services by governmental, insurance, or healthcare corporations,
  17. local pharmacies, or military benefits programs.

177.     Corporate Power

  1. Our government was created of, by and for its people, not corporations. As artificial entities,
  2. corporations are not entitled to the political rights of human beings, yet have gained undue
  3. influence over our government and political process.

182.     We support:

  1. A Constitutional amendment to establish that corporations shall not be considered as
  2. “persons” for purposes of political activity, and to reverse the pernicious notion that
  3. money equals speech as is purported in the Citizens United decision.
  4. As an interim step until Citizens United is reversed, institution of stringent
  5. corporate campaign-contribution reporting requirements and prohibitions on such
  6. contributions without specific advance approval by stockholders who are U.S. citizens.
  7. Rigorous enforcement of anti-trust and consumer protection laws.
  8. Effective penalties for corporations and the persons who control them, including prison
  9. terms as warranted, when those corporations violate the law.
  10. Transparency in all corporate accounting.
  11. Separation of investment banking from retail banking, and subjecting all banking to
  12. tighter regulation, transparency, and accountability.
  13. Corporations receiving bailouts with taxpayer funds becoming publicly owned entities
  14. operated for the public good.
  15. Corporate officers being held personally liable and aggressively prosecuted for corporate
  16. crimes and fraud.
  17. Salary caps for corporate executives at 20 times the average wage of employees.

201.      We oppose:

  1. Transferring performance of the government’s customary functions into private hands.
  2. Direct or indirect subsidies, whether through the federal tax code or by other means, to
  3. any corporation that moves American jobs offshore.
  4. U.S. corporations going offshore in order to evade U.S. taxes and other laws.
  5. Unlimited and undisclosed campaign contributions.
  6. Handing over of public service to the private sector called “outsourcing”.

209.        Economic Justice, Jobs, and Tax Fairness

  1. Justice in economic affairs is essential for the people to be able to fulfill their highest
  2. Government must so align its policies and finances, and so conduct its affairs, that
  3. its economy is strong and its entire population has a fair opportunity to prosper. Working people
  4. have a right to a good standard of living, collective bargaining in the workplace, reliable pensions
  5. and social security benefits, and an equitable tax system. “Taxes are the dues we pay for the
  6. privilege of membership in an organized society.” - President Franklin Roosevelt.

217.          We support:

  1. Institution of a progressive tax system in our State, relying on a personal income tax
  2. (including capital gains), reduced sales and property taxes, and replacement of the B&O
  3. tax with a tax on business net income.
  4. Making the federal tax system more progressive, including higher taxes on capital gains
  5. and other investment income.
  6. Imposing a federal tax on every stock exchange sale or purchase, based upon a percentage
  7. of the price of the sale or purchase.
  8. Tax cuts for the middle class and tax credits for those who live in poverty, to stimulate
  9. the economy and create jobs.
  10. Preserving Social Security as a Trust Fund, and removing the cap on income subject to
  11. Social Security tax.
  12. Establishment of a publicly-owned State bank.
  13. Targeted economic-development incentives that provide verifiable, immediate, and
  14. lasting benefits to our communities, subject to their being reviewed at least biannually
  15. and promptly terminated if not fulfilling their intended purposes.
  16. Increasing accountability for tax exemptions and preferences by requiring each recipient
  17. to demonstrate annually that the state is realizing the promised benefit, and by treating
  18. each such preference as a budgeted expenditure.
  19. Creation of living-wage jobs and initiation of significant improvements to our
  20. Multilateral trade agreements if they (1) are conditioned on strict health, safety and
  21. environmental standards, human rights and workers’ rights, and (2) support transparent
  22. democratic processes, including federal, state, and local laws, and (3) do not give special
  23. privileges to foreign corporations over domestic companies, and (4) do not disadvantage
  24. American workers, and (5) do not include an investor-state-dispute process which favors
  25. corporations over sovereign national governments.
  26. Aid for small businesses, including tax credits, low interest loans, and nonprofit micro-
  27. Enforcement of usury laws, including capping payday loans at an 18% APR.
  28. Increased transparency of federal and state financial institutions and their policies.
  29. A windfall-profits tax on businesses that take unreasonable or excessive profit.
  30. Withholding government contracts from corporations that establish a corporate presence
  31. in a different jurisdiction for tax-avoidance purposes.
  32. Preparation for a just post-automation economy by taking steps to study and then
  33. implement a universal basic income funded via progressive revenue sources.
  34. Reversing the causes for the gross disparity in wealth and income.
  35. Fair-trade reconfiguration of global free trade agreements by publicly and transparently
  36. renegotiating globalization rules to benefit working people and ecosystems of all countries.
  37. Expand and improve Social Security by raising the cap on payroll taxes.
  38. Promoting an economy that prioritizes real goods and services over high-risk financial
  39. instruments and derivatives trading.
  40. Reinstatement of the Glass-Steagall Act. 
  41. Breaking up banks considered “too-big-to-fail".
  42. A diverse banking environment including public banks, community banks, and credit

264.         We oppose:

  1. Predatory lending and misuse of private data by financial institutions.
  2. Exploitation of migrant, temporary, and contract workers.
  3. The Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) because it prevents our elected Congressional
  4. members from debating and/or amending the content of international trade agreements.
  5. International trade agreements, such as WTO, NAFTA, CAFTA, and the TPP, that contain
  6. provisions such as the Investment-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS), Section B of the
  7. Investment Chapter of the TPP, which abrogate our judicial sovereignty over resolution of
  8. disputes between foreign corporations concerning our own laws.
  9. All efforts to undermine minimum wage laws.
  10. A tax system that rewards investment over hard work.
  11. The use of credit scores in hiring or insurance rating.
  12. Privatization of workers’ compensation or Social Security, or reduction of Social Security
  13.  benefits by any means – including subjection of cost of living adjustments to the “Chained”
  14. Consumer Price Index.
  15. Hiring policies that discriminate against unemployed applicants.
  16. Austerity measures that transfer wealth from the 99% to enrich the 1%.
  1. Education
  2. Educational opportunity is a basic right of all Americans. An excellent, quality public education,
  3. preschool through post-secondary, with equal access for all, is fundamental to maintaining a
  4. healthy democracy. It is the paramount duty of our State to make ample provision for the
  5. education of all children.
  6. We support:
  7. A rigorous, comprehensive, scientifically and historically accurate curriculum.
  8. Smaller class sizes based on effective student-teacher ratios.
  9. Head Start and Early Childhood Education, special education, meal support, and other
  10. assistive programs.
  11. Inclusion of music, fine arts, civics and physical education in the curriculum.
  12. Full federal and State funding of all basic, gifted, vocational, technical, alternative,
  13. special education, English Language Learners, and other educational mandates, including
  14. the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
  15. Adequate financial resources and infrastructure for the education of Fircrest Residential
  16. Habilitation Center children and other individuals with disabilities.
  17. Educator salaries, cost of living increases and retirement and health care benefits equal to
  18. those of other professionals of similar experience and qualifications, in order to attract
  19. and retain quality public-school employees.
  20. Teacher-led reforms for better outcomes in the classroom.
  21. Increased public funding of higher education and more full-time instructional faculty, and
  22. improved salary, benefits, and professional opportunity for part-time or non-tenured
  23. Overturning state funding of charter schools.
  24. Medically accurate and comprehensive sex education in schools, including healthy
  25. relationships and models of consent.
  26. Full staffing of non-classroom support such as counselors, librarians, nurses, psychologists,
  27. to meet the social, emotional, health, safety and educational needs of all students.
  28. Equitable and comprehensive services for students including those who have special needs,
  29. English language learners, foster or homeless youth, highly capable, low-income, LGBTQ
  30. and students of color.
  31. Increased opportunities in diverse and low-income communities to earn post-secondary
  32. credit in high school through exam classes, career & technical education, apprenticeships,
  33. and internships.
  34. Tuition-free public colleges, universities, and vocational schools.
  35. State-funded universal pre-school, as well as affordable before and after-school programs.

320.         We oppose:

  1. Standardized testing as the primary means of accountability.
  2. Government funding of charter schools not subject to the governance of a local public
  3. school board, at all levels of government.
  4. Profit-driven education reform characterized by standardized curriculum and testing,
  5. vouchers and charter schools.
  6. Commercial marketing or military recruiting in public schools.
  7. Predatory student loans that cannot be discharged in bankruptcy.

329.        Environmental Justice, Climate Change and Energy

  1. We depend on clean air, clean water, and a healthy natural environment. Nothing in environmental
  2. resources management makes sense except in the light of scarcity. Significant and devastating
  3. effects of climate change are already impacting ecosystems, economies and communities. The well-
  4. being of every nation requires intelligent management of growth, limiting of urban sprawl, and
  5. preservation of farmland, wildlife habitat, and natural resources. Accordingly, protective laws and
  6. regulations must be vigorously enforced, and strengthened where needed.

337.         We support:

  1. Aggressive action now to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases in order to immediately
  2. retard, and ultimately prevent, further global climate change and ocean acidification.
  3. The development and greater use of clean and sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels, by
  4. such strategies as: (1) Government-subsidized research into wind, solar, ocean and
  5. geothermal power, along with biomass and other innovative technologies; (2) Higher fuel-
  6. efficiency and anti-pollution standards for all vehicles, and increasing the percentage of
  7. Alternative-fuel vehicles in use; (3) Tax incentives, including imposition of a carbon tax and
  8. repeal of tax breaks for oil companies; (4) Prohibition of new or expanded nuclear power
  9. plants without proof that their operation will be “clean” and waste dealt with responsibly.
  10. Intensified international efforts to prevent the release of chlorine gases, in order to protect
  11. the ozone layer.
  12. Creating incentives for conservation of energy, water and other resources, and for reuse and
  13. recycling in order to reduce the waste stream while assuring safe disposition of hazardous
  14. Strengthening the State’s Growth Management Act.
  15. Reforming the State’s excessively liberal land-use vesting rules.
  16. Protecting environmentally sensitive areas, including the continental shelf, from exploration
  17. and/or extraction of oil, gas, and other substances, and from the disposal or treatment of
  18. Production of renewable energy on farms, including biofuels, solar and wind power, to
  19. reduce greenhouse gases in ways that are sustainable and do not compete with food crops.
  20. Management and preservation of Wilderness areas and other public lands as national
  21. treasures, and according state and national parks the funding needed for their preservation
  22. and public enjoyment.
  23. Increased federal and state protection of wild and scenic rivers.
  24. A fair system of paying for growth, including assessment of impact fees on developers.
  25. Preserving green and open spaces in urban environments even as density increases so as to
  26. protect the quality of life for urban residents in terms of their physical, emotional and mental
  27. health, as scientific research has demonstrated this need (see, e.g.,
  28. https://depts.washington.edu/hhwb/Thm_Mental.html).
  29. Revising state laws to require greater participation by and authority of residents to approve
  30. major changes in zoning that affect more than one property.
  31. Producer responsibility for packaging and waste products.
  32. ASARCO funds and funds from the Model Toxics Control Act being used only for toxic
  33. site cleanup, including the 20,000 developed and undeveloped parcels slated for cleanup.
  34. Implementation of storm water reduction to address polluted runoff, including
  35. daylighting streams and creeks where possible.
  36. Restoration of endangered species and their habitats, which support biodiversity and
  37. sustainability, and incorporating the recovery management agreements into the endangered
  38. species act.
  39. Comprehensively quantifying Washington State water resources and managing them with a
  40. policy that is science-based, transparent, and effective.
  41. Transitioning to 100% renewables.
  42. Ensuring that 80% of the remaining global fossil fuel reserves must remain in the ground.
  43. Net metering in residential solar.
  44. Requiring that Environmental Impact Statements include climate change impacts.
  45. Adopting and sharing best practices in energy conservation and production to improve
  46. global innovation towards climate mitigation and solutions.
  47. Enforcing requirements that all corporations pay for the true costs of carbon emissions,
  48. chemical pollution, and waste-stream management in production.
  49. Making containment of existing and future nuclear waste a top priority and require this
  50. industry to pay for clean-up.
  51. Enhancing air, water, and soil quality protections by strengthening the Environmental
  52. Protection Agency (EPA).
  53. Protecting public lands and the public commons from destructive extraction industries and
  54. corporate exploitation.
  55. Requiring companies to increase safe use of their waste and byproducts for energy
  56. production and as raw materials for new products.
  57. Enforcing and strengthening our state's Growth Management Act to protect against further
  58. urban sprawl that consumes farmland, forests, wildlife habitat and natural resources.

399.          We oppose:

  1. Coal power generating plants anywhere, and coal transportation by any means.
  2. Increased shipment of oil by train without increased safety measures.
  3. The construction of potentially hazardous pipelines through environmentally
  4. sensitive areas, especially areas containing aquifers.
  5. Undermining Initiative 937’s renewable-energy goals.
  6. Mountaintop removal for extraction of natural resources.
  7. Hydraulic fracturing for natural gas and mountaintop removal for extraction of coal and
  8. other natural resources.
  9. Spraying known toxins and carcinogens into public parks and greenspaces, including but
  10. not limited to: glyphosate and neonicotinoid.
  11. Low-income and Native American communities bearing a disproportionate load of
  12. polluting industries and otherwise dangerous facilities.
  13. Canada-to-Mexico tar sands pipeline (Keystone XL).
  1. Foreign Policy
  2. Recognizing that our security ultimately depends on peace throughout the world, the United
  3. States will best protect its interests by working within the international community, using the
  4. tools of development, diplomacy and defense, in a spirit of mutual respect and

420.         We support:

  1. Fully cooperative participation in the United Nations.
  2. Resolving international conflicts through diplomacy and international institutions, not by
  3. force or threat of force.
  4. Reduction of nuclear arsenals, coupled with international control of fissile material.
  5. Providing our fair share of aid to reduce world poverty and improve health, education,
  6. and access to safe water and food.
  7. Limiting military and other aid to only those nations that have demonstrated their respect
  8. for human and civil rights for men and women alike.
  9. Working closely and persistently with other countries to prevent genocide.
  10. Immediate signing and ratification of the U.N. agreement forming an International
  11. Criminal Court, and recognition of its jurisdiction.
  12. All nations’ strict adherence to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, the Geneva
  13. Conventions, the Biological and Chemical Weapons Conventions, and other international
  14. agreements protecting civilian populations.
  15. Improvement of international financial systems to prevent economic disruptions.
  16. Prompt use of the full influence of the United States, through serious, constructive and
  17. persistent engagement, to promote negotiations and other actions that lead to a successful
  18. and sustainable    resolution    of   the    Israeli–Palestinian conflict,    including    mutual
  19. recognition, that ensures security, economic growth, and quality of life for the peoples of
  20. the sovereign state of Israel and a sovereign state of Palestine.
  21. Greater participation with our neighboring states and provinces through the Pacific
  22. Northwest Economic Region.
  23. A secure peace in Palestine and Israel and throughout the Middle East; and oppose the
  24. creation of new settlements in Palestinian territory and demolition of existing settlements.
  25. The President obeying the War Powers Clause of the U.S. Constitution, which provides that
  26. only Congress has the non-delegable prerogative to decide to go to war.

448.         We oppose:

  1. Preemptive war.
  2. Overt or covert efforts to destabilize other nations’ governments.
  3. The marginalization of women in any way, in any sphere of human activity, in every part
  4. of the world, whether by law, custom, or culture.
  5. Foreign trade agreements that put the interests of corporations above the rights and
  6. interests of governments or workers and the environment.
  7. The sale of weapons to nations that are utilized in human rights atrocities.
  8. Agents of foreign nations that work to misinform the populace through hoaxes and false
  9. Any and all foreign interference in U.S. election efforts.

460.        Government and Political Reform

  1. Our government derives its legitimacy from, and is answerable to, the people. We are committed
  2. to a representative democracy that encourages maximum active participation, a voting process
  3. that is legitimate, fair, transparent, and open to all citizens, and a requirement of responsibility
  4. from voters and accountability from those they elect. No American citizen should be removed
  5. from the voting rolls or otherwise constrained from participating in an election for which they
  6. are eligible.

468.         We support:

  1. Vote-by-mail and other electoral procedures that increase voter participation, including
  2. same-day voter registration and an end to felon disenfranchisement.
  3. Instant Runoff elections.
  4. A full and thorough 2020 census count that ensures all residents, regardless of residency,
  5. citizenship status, sexual orientation or gender identity, are counted.
  6. Full representation of all United States territories in Congress.
  7. Voting rights to all Washington residents regardless of incarceration status, felony status,
  8. LFO repayment status, or community supervision status.
  9. Gender neutralization of the state constitution using they/them pronouns.
  10. Redistricting commissions that are fair and independent of political influence.
  11. Public financing for political campaigns.
  12. Adherence to open public meeting laws, with genuine opportunities for public comment
  13. on policy proposals, and to public disclosure laws.
  14. Accounting for tax exemptions as expenditures in the State budget.
  15. Prompt production of documents requested under the federal Freedom of Information Act
  16. and its state and local counterparts.
  17. Encouraging women, minorities, and other traditionally underrepresented persons to seek
  18. political office.
  19. Electing the U.S. President by popular vote, not a so-called "electoral college”.
  20. Redistricting in a fair and rational manner, independent of political influence and conducted
  21. by nonpartisan bodies.
  22. Making voting easier for members of the military and other citizens located overseas.
  23. Adherence to open-meeting laws at all levels, with genuine opportunities for public
  24. comment on policy proposals.
  25. Exclusion of lobbyists from any meeting or session of a federal or state legislative or
  26. regulatory body or committee, from which the public is excluded.
  27. Drastic reduction of the exemptions to our state's Public Records Act.
  28. Enforcing the Whistleblower Protection Act, which guarantees that government and
  29. corporate whistleblowers shall be protected from job loss or retaliation.

499.          We oppose:

  1. The top-two “winnowing” primary.
  2. Onerous voter ID requirements and other techniques of voter suppression.
  3. Laws that require a supermajority vote to raise revenue.
  4. Expansion of Presidential powers, including the use of “signing statements” that purport
  5. to invalidate a portion of legislation being signed into law.
  6. The privatization or outsourcing of any essential governmental function.
  7. Government officials and employees becoming corporate lobbyists through the “revolving
  8. door” without a "cooling-off period" between government service and private employment.

509.        Gun Safety and Reform

  1. We believe that the right to own firearms is subject to reasonable regulation. Too many families in
  2. America have suffered – and continue to suffer – from gun violence. Over 30,000
  3. Americans die every year from gun violence, including over 10,000 homicides. The time to
  4. act is now to address this public health crisis.

518.         We support:

  1. Mandatory registration, licensing, and certification of all firearms.
  2. Mandatory periodic safety training and certification for all gun owners, as well as
  3. safety locks and secure storage for all guns.
  4. Maintaining the total ban on automatic weapons in Washington State.
  5. A total ban on semi-automatic rifles.
  6. Background checks and waiting periods enforced for all gun and ammunition purchases.
  7. Keeping firearms out of the hands of those who present a danger to themselves or others.
  8. Holding firearm owners liable when crimes are committed with their unsecured gun(s).
  9. Banning firearm accessories that enable sustained high rates of fire, including bump stocks
  10. and magazines holding more than ten cartridges.

530.         We oppose:

  1. Arming school teachers, administration, and faculty members, and other attempts to
  2. introduce or increase the presence of firearms in the classroom.
  3. Resale of guns seized by law enforcement.
  4. Illegal trafficking of guns.

536.          Health Care

  1. Health care is a basic human right. Our government should assure, and guarantee by law,
  2. accessible and affordable health care for all, making healthcare in Washington State a right for
  3. every person, and securing a patient’s right to choice of licensed provider type.
  4. We support:


●     Establishment of a comprehensive, publicly funded single-payer national


health care system for all, emphasizing preventive and primary care and chronic disease


management and relying on evidence-based guidelines, at a cost individuals and society


can afford, with specific benefits that address all the patient’s health needs without being


subject to arbitrary exclusions or termination.





●     Use of government purchasing power to negotiate reduced prices for prescriptions that


include drugs, medical supplies and equipment.


●     Increasing the supply of primary-care providers, especially those who will work with


underserved communities and populations. In the 2015 Washington State legislative


session, funding was restored to the Washington State Health Professionals Loan


Repayment Program (HPLRP). We recommend continued funding for this program to


support underserved communities in recruiting and retaining primary care providers.


●     Ample funding of medical research under the National Institutes of Health, based on


scientific merit, and basing Public Health policy on sound objective scientific guidelines.


●     A unified electronic medical record system to reduce errors and enable a seamless


transfer of information among institutions, while providing a more accurate way to assess


clinical outcomes and compare treatment approaches, consistent with safeguarding of


patient privacy.


●     A Patient’s Bill of Rights guaranteeing (1) respect for people’s wishes regarding their


medical care, especially at the end of life, and for a patient’s right to refuse life-


sustaining interventions when it is the will of the patient or parent/guardian to choose that


approach, (2) the right of patients and loved ones to voice grievances to health care


institutions without fear of retaliation, and (3) a patient’s right to die in a non-institutional




●     Increased funding for global family planning, including comprehensive sex education and




●     Availability of reproductive health and abortion services at medical institutions, with


guaranteed insurance coverage.


●     The use by all health care entities that receive any federal, state or city funds – including


but not limited to clinics, emergency rooms, pharmacies, hospitals, nursing homes – of the


scientific best practice principles for care and treatment regardless of religious affiliation


or belief of the providers, and honoring advance directives of all patients in their care.


  1. Housing Justice
  2. Housing is a human right. We believe that the housing crisis must be addressed with real world
  3. solutions that provide for the needs of people. We realize that the private housing market has failed
  4. to adequately provide for those at low to middle income ranges. It is the right and proper role of
  5. government to provide permanent stable housing to people experiencing homelessness, to expand
  6. the stock of supportive, low income, and affordable housing, and to use all tools available to
  7. control the astronomic explosion of the cost of housing.
  8. We support:
  9. Immediate construction of publicly funded and owned housing in an adequate amount to
  10. provide housing for all.
  11. Providing enough clean, livable, temporary shelter to ensure people experiencing
  12. homelessness do not go unsheltered until stably housed in permanent housing.
  13. Housing first and low-barrier housing strategies that require as few barriers or restrictions as
  14. possible, recognizing that being stably housed is the first step to stabilization.
  15. Ensuring that both private commercial housing and public housing are maintained in a safe,
  16. livable condition.
  17. Protections against discrimination in housing on the basis of race, country of origin,
  18. religious or non-religious status, gender or gender identity, sexual orientation, veteran status,
  19. source of income, political beliefs, or relationship status.
  20. Aggressive state and local action funded with progressive revenue sources to secure housing
  21. as a human right for all in Washington with or without federal cooperation to these ends.
  22. Aggressive federal action funded by progressive revenue sources to secure housing as a
  23. human right for all nationally.
  24. Repeal of Washington State’s prohibition on rent control.
  25. Requiring private developers to set aside 25% of units for affordable housing on a
  26. permanent basis in up-zoned developments.
  27. Relaxation of zoning which prevents construction of tiny houses, duplexes, and accessory
  28. dwelling units on single lots as well as restrictions on co-housing.
  29. Halting and reversing the growth of regressive residential property taxes in favor of more
  30. progressive forms of revenue collection.
  31. We oppose:
  32. Dehumanization and victim blaming of our neighbors experiencing homelessness.
  33. Any policy of “sweeps” aimed at our unsheltered neighbors.
  34. Hostile urban architecture that serves no purpose other than to keep people in extreme
  35. poverty removed from certain areas.
  36. Criminalization of people who are experiencing homelessness.
  37. Anti-nuisance ordinances which force people to choose between their safety and being
  1. Human Services
  2. One of the highest priorities of government is to provide a safety net of social services that meets
  3. the basic needs of people who may be on the margins of society, whether they be elderly,
  4. impoverished, homeless, mentally ill, disabled, or have chemical dependency, to enable them to
  5. attain their full potential. The only genuine welfare reform is one that reduces poverty, not just the
  6. welfare rolls.

625.         We support:

  1. Quality, affordable childcare, education, training, medical care and substance-abuse
  2. treatment as cost-effective methods of helping working parents and others get off welfare
  3. and escape poverty.
  4. Public assistance to safeguard those unable to provide for themselves.
  5. Maintaining Social Security benefits for dependent survivors and the disabled.
  6. Alternatives to nursing homes for people who do not need full-time skilled nursing care.
  7. Increased funding for and access to fully-funded mental health and substance-abuse
  8. Making more public facilities accessible under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
  9. Investigating all reports of abuse and neglect in adult family homes, boarding homes,
  10. group homes and other assisted living facilities.
  11. Providing appropriate housing and care for the mentally ill and the developmentally
  12. Maintaining state mental hospitals and residential habitation centers, including Fircrest
  13. and Rainier School.
  14. Adequate training for all staff who work with vulnerable populations.
  15. Community Health Engagement Locations (CHELs), also referred to as safe consumption
  16. sites, and requiring first responders to be trained and equipped for overdose response.
  17. Reinvesting a significant portion of the military budget into family support, living-wage job
  18. development, and work training programs.

647.         We oppose:

  1. Erosion of the social safety net.
  2. Discharging hospital patients or residents from state-operated residential facilities to
  3. homeless shelters or group homes without adequately trained staff, medicines and
  4. services, including safety oversight to make sure vulnerable people are not at risk of
  5. Using the criminal justice system to incarcerate the mentally ill and the developmentally
  6. Privatization of Social Security.

657.        Immigration

  1. America is a nation of immigrants. Immigrants strengthen America. All immigrants should be
  2. afforded full human rights and a fair, safe, and timely path to legal status. Children of
  3. immigrants should be accorded the same educational opportunities as other children. We
  4. encourage state and local government to continuously respect and honor diversity in our

664.         We support:

  1. Comprehensive immigration reform that protects the integrity of our borders while
  2. recognizing the basic human rights of immigrants and providing them a clear pathway to
  3. legal status and citizenship if desired.
  4. Ensuring that immigrants obtain due process in all proceedings and have access to bail
  5. Policies that integrate and support immigrants as members of our communities, including
  6. preparation for citizenship, and establishing statute of limitations to barriers for citizenship.
  7. Requiring state and local government to provide interpretation services or translation of
  8. government documents.
  9. Education of all children regardless of immigration status.
  10. Sanctuary jurisdictions adopting sanctuary policies.
  11. Legal residents having the same rights as American citizens concerning waiting time for
  12. their legal spouses to join them in the U.S.
  13. Giving ID documents and driver’s licenses to immigrants regardless of status.

680.      We oppose:

  1.     Demands for immediate production of documents regarding one’s status in the United
  2. States, other than as part of federal immigration enforcement.
  1. Removal of DACA until a clean DREAM Act is passed.
  2. The construction of a wall on the Mexican border.
  3. Giving ICE arresting powers without a warrant within 100 miles of the border.
  4. Companies that import workers and do not pay them minimum wage.
  5. Separating children from their parents while in immigration proceedings.
  6. Cooperation by local or state governments with federal efforts to detain and/or deport
  7. undocumented community members.
  8. Detention of immigrants for crimes which citizens would not be detained for.
  9. The use of private facilities for immigration detention.

693.        Labor

  1. Organized labor is essential to the social, economic, and political health of our democracy. The
  2. tremendous improvement in the overall standard of living that occurred in the years after World
  3. War II was due to the preceding and ongoing struggles of unions and working people who fought,
  4. sacrificed, and died to gain the right to organize and bargain collectively for better working
  5. conditions and a share in our prosperity. The decline of real wages over the past three
  6. decades, accompanied by powerful anti-union political attacks, has intensified the need for a
  7. strong union movement.

702.         We support:

  1. The legal right of public and private sector employees to organize into unions, to bargain
  2. collectively on all matters pertaining to their working conditions and compensation, and
  3. the right to strike without fear of reprisal or replacement.
  4. The automatic recognition of a union, based on the signatures of a majority of those
  5. represented, and punishment of corporations that engage in anti-union efforts.
  6. Enforcement of prevailing wage laws for work under government contracts, and of area
  7. standards for wages and benefits.
  8. A minimum wage that is a living wage, equal pay for equal work, and protection of
  9. overtime pay.
  10. A workers’ Bill of Rights that assures rights of assembly, association and free speech,
  11. due process, freedom from discrimination, and democracy within unions.
  12. Equal participation between labor and employers in the management of workers’
  13. Apprenticeship set-asides, and full funding for enforcement of child labor standards that
  14. limit the hours youths are allowed to be employed during the school year.
  15. Respecting picket lines by not crossing them.
  16. “Best Value Contractor” policies and “Fair Contracting” with “Responsible and
  17. Responsive” bidder language in all public works jobs that include contractor
  18. responsibilities for prevailing wages, health insurance, retirement and training.
  19. Preference for Washington State residents and contractors on public works projects in our
  20. Provision of medical and other benefits to all employees.
  21. Creation and rigorous enforcement of anti-wage theft laws and regulations.
  22. Paid family and medical leave.
  23. A closing of sub-minimum wage loopholes in state, county, and local levels and ending of
  24.  4C certifications under the minimum wage.
  25. Passage of an employee non-discrimination act to protect queer, trans, and gender non-
  26. confirming/non-binary people in the workplace.
  27. We support a minimum wage of at least 15 dollars per hour, in 2016 dollars adjusted for
  28. inflation, by 2021 increasing with the rate of inflation annually thereafter.
  29. Full workers compensation and medical treatment for on the job injuries.
  30. Strong whistleblower laws that ensure the protection of workers who report safety hazards,
  31. executive malfeasance, harassment, or other violations of law or regulations in the
  32. Requiring corporations to allocate a percentage of corporate board seats to labor.
  33. The Employee Free-Choice Act, which streamlines union certification for bargaining with
  34. We oppose:
  35. So-called “right-to-work” laws and other anti-union legislation, including the Taft-Hartley
  36. Government officials’ attacks on unions and government employees.
  37. The privatization or out-sourcing of public services.
  38. Under-funding of workers’ pensions by either the private or public sector.
  39. The unilateral redefining of workers as independent contractors in order to reduce labor
  40. costs, render workers ineligible for benefits, or weaken safety standards and other
  41. Foreign trade agreements that put the interests of corporations above the rights of
  42. workers and protection of the environment.
  43. Weakening of either State or federal Family and Medical Leave laws.
  44. Training wages, counting tips towards wages, and any other exceptions to the minimum
  45. Efforts to limit the autonomy of local jurisdictions to enact a minimum wage higher than the
  46. state minimum wage.


758.          Law and the Justice System

  1. The rule of law is prerequisite to a civil society. A responsible government provides safety,
  2. security, and even-handed justice for all, with fairness and respect for the individual.

762.         We support:

  1. Refocusing the criminal justice system to emphasize prevention, diversion, and
  2. rehabilitation over incarceration, and on preparing prisoners for re-entry into society.
  3. Working to eliminate the conditions that lead to crime, by government investment in
  4. education and social services (including mental health and youth programs) and
  5. promotion of living-wage jobs so as to reduce poverty and homelessness.
  6. Abolition of the death penalty. 
  7. Abolition of youth solitary confinement.
  8. Keeping nonviolent crimes off the “Three Strikes” list, with immediate transfer
  9. of inmates to rehabilitation programs.
  10. An end to the “war on drugs”.
  11. The creation and funding of specialized drug courts, and of specialized mental health
  12. courts to arrange for the humane treatment and rehabilitation of mentally ill people
  13. caught up in the criminal justice system.
  14. Vigorous prosecution of white-collar crime, especially that occurring in the financial
  15. Removing Cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act.
  16. The end of the prison industrial complex, including the school to prison pipeline.
  17. Ensuring racial and socio-economic diversity on juries.
  18. Application of policing and prosecution that is race-neutral in intent and effect.
  19. Protecting our state prerogative to maintain a safe and legal market for the manufacture,
  20. sale, and consumption of cannabis.
  21. Ending sentences currently being served related to the manufacture, sale, and consumption
  22. of small amounts of cannabis, and expunging said sentences from residents’ criminal
  24. Increasing the funding of legal aid programs to ensure access to the courts for all people,
  25. regardless of wealth.
  26. Increasing the funding of public defender programs to ensure all people, regardless of
  27. wealth, have access to adequate representation in criminal cases, as guaranteed by the
  28. Implementing safeguards to ensure access to courts for all people, regardless of citizenship
  29. The abolishment of money bail for those charged with crimes, the use of statutory-based
  30. detention for those who pose an unacceptable risk to the community, and to expand the use
  31. of pre-trial services.
  32. Mandate charge or disposal of a complaint within 24 hours of arrest by prosecutors.
  33. Prohibition of arrest or detention on behalf of judgements for private debt collection
  34. corporations, also referred to as debtor examination warrants.
  35. Elimination of civil asset forfeiture without criminal conviction outside of state mandated
  36. Improved law enforcement de-escalation training to prevent killing of suspects and
  37. excessive use of force.
  38. Accountability in law enforcement, with effective civilian review.
  39. Providing adequate health care, education, vocational training, and rehabilitation for all
  40. incarcerated persons.
  41. We oppose:
  42. The utilization of public records to hunt undocumented persons.
  43. Private prisons.
  44. Economic incentives which encourage imprisonment and detainment, such as sub-minimum
  1. Media Reform
  2. Essential for democracy to flourish are an informed citizenry, persistently inquisitive media, and
  3. the free flow of information, including Internet neutrality. The public owns the broadcast
  4. airwaves and the Internet, which should be managed to serve the public interest.

819.         We support:

  1. Diversity of ownership as a central principle of broadcast licensing.
  2. Strengthening media ownership regulations to avoid corporate domination of our
  3. Encouraging minority and community media ownership.
  4. Ensuring that media license holders provide diverse programming daily.
  5. Increased    funding    for    public    broadcasting,    including documentary    films    and
  6. non-commercial news programs.
  7. Adequate, stable public funding, free of political pressure, for public radio and public
  8. Establishing a system for community-level, non-profit and non-commercial radio and TV
  9. Ensuring that rural Americans have access to a modern communications infrastructure.
  10. Reinstatement of the Fairness Doctrine for broadcast media during election campaigns
  11. and making it applicable to cable networks to promote greater balance in coverage.
  12. Increasing affordable access to high-speed Internet statewide.
  13. Enhancing content diversity and press freedom by retaining and strengthening
  14. community media voices and messages, in order to foster greater participation in our
  15. community’s shared social, cultural and political life.
  16. Aggressive application of antitrust laws to prevent the formation of monopolies in the
  17. wireless and broadband service industries.
  18. Local governments placing more public information and documents online.
  19. Public access to the Internet and public ownership of Internet infrastructure, emphasizing
  20. development of broadband in rural areas.
  21. Internet neutrality, in which all users and content providers have equal access to Internet
  22. service without discrimination or prioritization based on content transmitted.
  23. Free radio and TV access for candidates and ballot issues before each election.

847.        We oppose:

  1.     False claims of “national security” to suppress investigative journalism.
  2.     Media consolidation, which has a negative impact on communities across the United

852.        Military

  1. Those who have answered our country’s call to military service must be accorded the quality
  2. medical care and family/veterans’ benefits promised at the time of their recruitment and
  3. enlistment.

857.         We support:

  1. Assuring that our military personnel and veterans receive the very best in physical and
  2. mental rehabilitation wherever needed and without cost.
  3. Military service on our behalf being performed only by men and women accountable to
  4. the public, the law, and the Uniform Code of Military Justice, and not by contractors.
  5. Assuring that all American military personnel are instructed in their rights and
  6. responsibilities, including those under the Geneva Conventions, and that they are
  7. subjected to vigorous prosecution for violations thereof or for other criminal conduct
  8. including sexual assault or harassment.
  9. Ending restrictions on providing abortions or reproductive health services as part of
  10. humanitarian aid.
  11. Independent military prosecutors, not commanding officers, investigating and
  12. prosecuting all allegations of sexual misconduct.
  13. Full funding for the Department of Veterans Affairs.
  14. The expeditious and orderly draw-down of U.S. forces from conflicts abroad.
  15. Maintaining a well-trained and well-equipped military, sufficient for the defense of the
  16. American people, our vital interests, and our treaty partners when all other means of
  17. diplomacy and protection are exhausted.
  18. Congress asserting its constitutional powers to declare war, regulate and govern the
  19. We oppose:
  20. Activation of National Guard personnel for service outside the United States, other than
  21. pursuant to a declaration of war.
  22. Preemptive use of military force.
  23. Nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons and genocidal biological warfare.
  24. Excessive or unnecessary military spending.
  25. The undue influence of the military-industrial complex over national policy.
  26. U.S. training of foreign military or police forces that suppress human rights in their own

888.      Transportation

  1. We believe that an efficient, well-planned, multimodal transportation system promotes a healthy
  2. economy, environment and community.

892.     We support:

  1. Increased investment in the expansion and maintenance of the State’s transportation
  2. infrastructure, including accessible transportation for all, with safe, affordable, and efficient
  3. bus and rail services.
  4. Land-use planning around existing and planned transportation infrastructure, with the
  5. goal of decreasing the need to drive, while recognizing that there will remain a need for
  6. the personal automobile.
  7. A transportation system safe for all users, motorized and non-motorized.
  8. The creation of pedestrian friendly and cycling master plans as separate pieces of local
  9. government transportation planning.
  10. The construction and maintenance of sidewalks, bike trails, and bike corridors, including
  11. the Burke-Gilman and Interurban Trails.
  12. Increased investment by the federal and State government in public infrastructure that
  13. broadens individuals’ multimodal transportation choices.
  14. Institutions, including employers, providing free or low-cost mass transit passes to their
  15. employees or other constituents.
  16. The development of a high-speed rail system from Seattle to Vancouver and Seattle to
  17. Free and reduced transit fare for people with low incomes.
  18. Reducing barriers for transit ridership, including lower fares and other incentives.
  19. Ecologically sound forms of transportation that minimize pollution and maximize
  20. Design streets to promote safe speeds and safe interaction with pedestrians.
  21. Regularly increase Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards to levels which
  22. challenge automakers to improve fuel efficiency.

918.     We oppose:

  1. Increased privatization of public infrastructure and transportation.
  2. Regressive funding of transit, such as flat car tabs and property taxes and fares.
  3. The continuation of massive subsidies to the auto, nuclear power plant, and fossil fuel
  1. Tribal Relations and Sovereignty
  2. Local, state, and federal governments must respect Native American nations on a sovereign
  3. government-to-government basis and must respect the decisions of Native American Nations,
  4. affirm their rights derived from treaties and state compacts, and oppose attempts to diminish
  5. their sovereignty and cultures. We call on local, state, and federal governments to help improve
  6. the social, economic, and health status of all Native American people to a level equivalent to that
  7. of other Americans.

932.         We support:

  1. Upholding treaties and tribal agreements by all parties.
  2. Restoration of federal recognition for formerly recognized Tribes, including the
  3. Duwamish and Chinook.
  4. Continued efforts to maintain and restore salmon runs and protect shellfish resources
  5. critical to Native American cultures and economies.
  6. The preservation and protection of sites of historic, cultural and religious significance.
  7. Educating the American public about the inherent and treaty-based rights of Indian tribes,
  8. a step that is vital to respectful and civil relations between Indian tribes and local
  9. communities, the state, and the nation.
  10. Educating students in the local school districts by incorporating more of the history and
  11. culture of Native American Peoples, especially those residing in Washington.
  12. Continued funding of programs that combat social and economic problems such as
  13. poverty and alcoholism.
  14. Fully cooperative relations with Indian Country regarding water.
  15. Recognize that Urban Natives in Seattle make up a higher percentage per capita of the
  16. homeless population and are seven more times likely to be homeless than any other race in
  17. the Seattle area according to the 2016 one-night count.
  18. Providing Police Officer training on cross-cultural Urban Native communication to avoid
  19. discriminatory policing.
  20. Providing Judicial training on the federal Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 and the
  21. Washington State Indian Child Welfare Act of 2013 to prevent the loss of children’s Native
  22. ties and identity.
  23. Increased governmental efforts, including data collection done in consultation with Urban
  24. Natives, to identify American Indian and Alaska Native students who are multi-racial, in
  25. order to address necessary education funding purposes and programs.
  26. Inclusiveness in any education summits put on by state, county, regional and local
  27. governments where Urban Natives have been systematically left out.
  28. Aggressive reduction of carbon emissions at levels that will protect the indigenous/human
  29. rights of future generations, including those dependent on traditional foods.
  30. Support a declaration of the second Monday in October as “Indigenous Peoples Day”.
  31. Fully cooperative relations with Indian Country regarding water.

965.        We oppose:

  1. All attempts to diminish Tribal sovereignty or Tribal Treaty Rights of the 29
  2. Federally Recognized Tribes in the State.
  3. All attempts of governments to continue to treat Urban Natives as invisible
  4. due to forced assimilation through prior discriminatory Acts of Congress and
  5. racist policies throughout U.S. history.
  6. The harmful legacy of the use of “Indian mascots” in all sports in the State.

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